Researchers from Bochum and Dortmund have created an artificial cell environment that could promote the regeneration of nerves.
Usually, injuries to the brain or spinal cord don’t heal easily due to the formation of fluid-filled cavities and scars that prevent tissue regeneration. One starting point for medical research is therefore to fill the cavities with a substance that offers neural stem cells optimal conditions for proliferation and differentiation.
Social isolation and loneliness are major societal problems.
Researchers from the Central Institute of Mental Health (CIMH) in Mannheim, in collaboration with scientists from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, and the University of Bern, have investigated the extent to which physical activity can mitigate the negative effects of being alone on affective well-being.
The environment of retinal nerve cells plays a crucial role in the processing of visual signals.
A research team from Ruhr University Bochum, together with other research groups, was able to show that the combined loss of four proteins leads to a severe impairment of the function of the retina, reduced visual movement processing and significant synaptic changes.
Researchers have identified a mechanism that promotes the breakdown of harmful protein deposits. If it malfunctions, it can lead to Parkinson’s disease.
NEMO, a protein that is primarily associated with signaling processes in the immune system, prevents the deposition of protein aggregates that occur in Parkinson’s disease.
Jackdaws improve their memory performance by classifying continuous stimuli into categories. The so-called attractor dynamics provide new insights into the functioning of the brain.
Working memory is a crucial element of higher cognition in both primates – which include humans – and corvids. In their studies researchers at Ruhr University Bochum have now discovered remarkable parallels in the memory optimization of primates and corvids.
Research Department of Neuroscience
Promoting excellence and collaboration in Neuroscience and fostering the next generation of neuroscientists. The aim of the Research Department of Neuroscience (RDN) is the development and reinforcement of a unique and interdisciplinary scientific landscape within Ruhr University Bochum and its immediate environment, that pivots upon the established strengths of the RUB as an outstanding center for systems neuroscience research.
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